Kryptowaluta IOTA – Internet rzeczy

TANGLE

 

IOTA to jedna z tysięcy kryptowalut. Powstała prawie dwa lata temu, a w jej rozwój zaangażowane są też firmy spoza branży. Oczywiście jak niemalże wszystkie coiny jest oparta na otwartym kodzie źródłowym oprogramowania. Czym wyróżnia się ta kryptowaluta spośród wielu konkurentów? Jakie jest zainteresowanie inwestorów projektem?

IOTA – Kryptowaluta trzeciej generacji

Wirtualne waluty można umownie podzielić na trzy generacje. Do pierwszej należał prekursor, czyli bitcoin, od którego wszystko się zaczęło. Drugą zapoczątkowało ethereum. Tym co łączy obie generacje jest technologia blockchain (łańcuch bloków).

IOTA należy do trzeciej generacji nie tylko ze względu na datę powstania. Przede wszystkim w tej kryptowalucie twórcy postanowili zastosować technologię inną niż blockchain. Zamiast niego IOTA opiera się na algorytmie o nazwie tangle. Bez wątpienia największą zaletą w porównaniu do poprzednich generacji kryptowalut jest to, że płatności można wykonać bez dodatkowych opłat. Nie ma także ograniczeń związanych ze skalowalnością.

W przypadku tych trzech grup najważniejszą zaleta cały czas pozostaje sam schemat. Oparty o zdecentralizowaną sieć, umożliwiającą dokonywanie względnie anonimowych płatności przez internet.

Kurs IOTA i zainteresowanie projektem

W przypadku wirtualnych walut, które są notowane na giełdach mamy do czynienia z dużymi ruchami cen. Pierwszą giełdą, która wprowadziła do obrotu omawianą kryptowalutę był zlokalizowany w Hongkongu Bitfinex.

Pod koniec 2017 roku zespół IOTA  nawiązał współpracę ze znaną marką Samsung. Wpłynęło na nagły wzrost  popularności i lot kursu ku górze. Ceny dochodziły do 5 dolarów za jednego coina. Bańka pękła i aktualny kurs kryptowaluty IOTA oscyluje wokół 30 centów. U swojego szczytu kapitalizacja rynkowa IOTA była wyższa niż 12 miliardów dolarów. Obecnie mówimy o wartości kilkunastokrotnie niższej.

Czym spowodowany jest aż taki spadek? Chodzi o niezrozumienie tematu? Nie, rynek kryptowalut bardzo dynamicznie reaguje na pozytywne wiadomości. Jest to zaleta i okazja do zrealizowania sporych zysków. Następnie kurs wraca do normy.

Technologia tangle (węzły)

Technologia blockchain polega na zapisie informacji w zsynchronizowanej i chronologicznej bazie danych zwanej łańcuchem bloków. Przeprowadzanie transakcji wymaga mocy obliczeniowej generowanej przez komputery.  Proces jest obarczony dużym kosztem w postaci zakupu samego sprzętu oraz prądu potrzebnego by mógł działać.

Tangle eliminuje konieczność potwierdzania transakcji przez urządzenia zewnętrzne. Tutaj poszczególna transakcja jest pojedynczym blokiem. Przelewy są zatwierdzane przez samych użytkowników sieci. Aby zrobić przelew wychodzący, użytkownik musi potwierdzić dwie transakcje innych osób.

Eliminuje to problem skalowalności, czyli zapychania sieci przez dużą liczbę oczkujących na potwierdzenie transakcji oraz pozwala na obniżenie prowizji za przelew.

IOTA, czyli internet rzeczy

Płatności to tylko jedna z funkcji kryptowalut. Można je wykorzystać do bardziej złożonych zadań.

Warto wspomnieć, skąd właściwie wzięła się tak niestandardowa nazwa kryptowaluty. IOTA pochodzi od skrótu angielskich słów Internet of Things (internet rzeczy).

Ta zagadkowa koncepcja polega na połączeniu oraz wzajemnej komunikacji sprzętów codziennego użytku, takich jak pralka czy lodówka. Celem jest zbudowanie sieci takich urządzeń połączonych za pomocą technologii bazującej na algorytmie tangle, którego możliwości pozwalają na błyskawiczną i w zasadzie darmową wymianę danych.

Przyszłość projektu

Nie ulega wątpliwości, że projekt IOTA jest częścią nieuchronnie zbliżającej się przyszłości. Nowe możliwości w postaci połączenia i wzajemnej komunikacji urządzeń nadejdą.

IOTA z przytupem weszła na rynek kryptowalut dokonując rewolucji poprzez modyfikację dotychczas obowiązujących systemów transakcyjnych. Trudno oszacować, czy w najbliższym czasie jej wartość będzie wzrastać.

Technologia wciąż gna do przodu. Powszechność internetu rzeczy z pewnością będzie się przyczyniać do wzrostu kursu kryptowaluty będącej fundamentem tej koncepcji.

 

autor: Kryptopan z portalu kryptopan.pl

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